Water Conservation BY Nerd095 WATER CONSERVATION Water conservation encompasses the policies, strategies and activities to manage fresh water as a sustainable resource to protect the water environment and to meet current and future human demand. Population, household size and growth and affluence all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change will increase pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation.
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The goals of water conservation efforts include as follows: )Sustainability: To ensure availability for future generations, the withdrawal of fresh water from an ecosystem should not exceed its natural replacement rate. ii)Energy conservation: Water pumping, delivery and waste water treatment facilities consume a significant amount of energy. In some regions of the world over 15% of total electricity consumption is devoted to water management. ii)Habitat conservation: Minimizing human water use helps to preserve fresh water habitats for local wildlife and migrating waterfowl, as well as reducing the need to uild new dams and other water diversion infrastructures. Up to 30% of fresh water supplies are lost due to leakage in developed countries, and in some major cities, losses can run as high as 40% to 70%. About 90% of sewage and 70% of industrial wastes in developing countries are discharged into water courses without treatment, often polluting the usable water supply. Tips & Tricks to save water 1)Always turn taps off tightly so they do not drip. )Promptly repair any leaks in and around your taps. (One leak can waste several housand litres of water per year. ) 3)Use an aerator and/or a water flow-reducer attachment on your tap to reduce your water usage. 4)When hand-washing dishes, never run water continuously. Wash dishes in a partially filled sink and then rinse them using the spray attachment on your tap. If you have an electric dishwasher, use it only to wash full loads, and use the shortest cycle possible. Many dishwashers have a conserver/water-miser cycle. short bursts of water for cleaning your brush. This saves about 80% of the water ormally used. ) 6)When washing or shaving, partially fill the sink and use that water rather than running the tap continuously. (This saves about 60% of the water normally used. ) Use short bursts of water to clean razors. 7)Wash only full loads in your washing machine. use the shortest cycle possible for washing clothes, and use the “suds-saver” feature if your machine has one. 8)Use only cleaning products that will not harm the environment when they are washed away after use. Look for “environmentally friendly” products when shopping. Lawns and gardens require only 5 millimetres of water per day during warm weather. Less is needed during spring, fall, or cool weather. 10)Water lawns every three to five days, rather than for a short period every day. In warm weather, apply 5 millimetres of water for each day since the last watering. 11)Water during the cool part of the day, in the morning or evening. Do not water on windy days. Do not over-water in anticipation of a shortage. Soil cannot store extra water. 12)Use shut-off timers or on-off timers, if possible. Do not turn on sprinklers and leave for the day.