The Problem of Evil
The Problem of Evil It is not hard to find evil and suffering in this world. The most common philosophical question that arises in response to such devastation is, “Why would God allow this to happen? ” Pain is unmasked, unmistakable evil that is immediately recognizable and impossible to ignore. Pain, as God’s megaphone to rouse a deaf world, is a terrible instrument; it may lead to unrepented rebellion, but it gives the only opportunity the bad man can have for amendment. (3, pg. 3) God is an all-knowing, all-powerful, nd perfectly good being that created humans as free agents capable of doing right and capable of doing wrong, thus allowing evil to exist in the world. There are numerous variations of the argument from evil against the existence of God, all of which ultimately provide the same information: 1) If God exists, he is an all-powerful, all-knowing, perfectly good being. 2) Such a being would prevent the occurrence of any suffering, unless by doing so a greater good was lost or some evil equally bad or worse were to be permitted. Not all of this suffering has been prevented. 4) Therefore, there is no all-powerful, all-knowing, perfectly good being. Regarding the second premise, the argument could be made that a perfectly moral being could allow, or cause, more evil than is necessary in order to bring about some good because there is no minimum amount of evil that would otherwise bring about this good. Bruce Russell, in The Problem of evil, uses a parking fine as an example. There may not be any minimum parking fine that will deter people from illegally parking, so good person may impose a fine around $55.
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This may seem like a great deal of money to some individuals, but it is an “unavoidable evil” to deter people from illegally parking. By discrediting this premise, I have inferred that the conclusion that God does not exist is false. Considering the first premise, one might acquire as to why God, being all- powerful, created evildoers. “It is not logically possible for an agent to create another agent such that he freely does only good , pg. 238) God created humans as ree agents making them capable of doing right, and capable of doing wrong. In a world inhabited by significantly free persons, whether there is moral evil or not depends upon these free persons. ” (2, pg. 64) If God were to interfere with all wrong decisions, our significant freedom would be removed, thus removing moral evil and creating an inferior world. Since to bring about the higher good it was necessary that moral evil be possible, God cannot be held morally accountable or blameworthy for the moral evil that free agents choose or perform. (2, pg. 65)
Russell says that there are two possible explanations as to why we do not see why there is so much horrible suffering. The first explanation is that there is no point to tne suffering, ana tne second Is tnat only sees tne polnt. In regards to tne existence of God, Russell states that we should accept the simplest hypothesis for these theological inquiries, which would be that God does not exist because it does not require the introduction of hidden entities to explain our observations.
God is an all-knowing, all-powerful, and perfectly good being that created humans s free agents capable of doing right and capable of doing wrong, thus allowing evil to exist in the world. Russell’s argument against the existence of God is a failed argument because he did not account for God creating free agents. God is not to blame for the evildoers in the world, He gave them the option to do good or do evil. It is then on the shoulders of the agent what they will choose. Sources 1) Our Textbook 2) Evil and a Good God by Bruce R. Reichenbach 3) The Problem of Pain by C. S. Lewis