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Kelley’s theory

Furthermore Kelley’s theory did not include any evidence of Actor Observer Differences, which are a tendency for actors to attribute their behaviour to the situation and for observers to attribute the observed behaviours to the individual. An example of this is seen in Jones and Nisbett’s (1972) study where theyRead More

Bowlby’s theory

There are some criticisms of the ‘strange situation’ largely concerning its low ecological validity: Lamb suggests that the main problems with the experiment are that it is extremely artificial and fails to take the mother’s behaviour into account. Main et al (1985) suggested a fourth classification (Type D – insecure/disorganisedRead More

Personality Theory and Research

Few people would object to helping someone gain a better insight into their own personality in a guidance or counselling context, if this would help them to develop as individuals or help them to work better with other people. It, is also easy to understand why large firms need toRead More

Social learning theory

Social learning theory suggests that aggression is a learned behaviour; it can be reinforced and rewarded by others. Relative deprivation theory suggests that aggression stems from the feeling of being deprived. In Banduras experiment with the bobo doll, aggression was limited. Would the children have behaved aggressively towards a realRead More

Personality theory

Personality of people is something that we describe and assess almost every day and it concerns the most important parts of an individual’s psychological life. While there are many different types of personality theories have been proposed over the years. To start studying the theories, we first have to clearlyRead More

Social Learning Theory

This research by Bandura shows that there IS a difference between learning and actual performance. Children imitate behaviour under certain circumstances but always seem to learn it. Differences were apparent between Bandura and Walters study in 1963 and Bandura’s study in 1965 because only rewards were given to the childrenRead More

The implications for Theory Y

Also including hygiene factors such as: 1. Pay and benefits 2. Company policy 3. Supervision 4. Job security 5. Working conditions Tesco uses each of these factors in order to motivate its staff by delegating responsibility and decision making which will help to improve the communication within the business and ensure staff are working to theRead More

Theory of Adam Smith

Using this theory, international trade allows both countries to enjoy more of the both goods. Countries rather do this, then produce only for domestic consumption and don’t trade. Ricardo also mentioned that when a company finds an competitive business, of course they will try to block each other before theyRead More

Advanced Coaching Theory

Sports’ coaching is a very complex and complicated process. It is a process that requires input from a wide variety of specialist sub disciplines within the area. The management and the uniting of these specialist areas into a strategy to improve sporting performance is the major role of the coachRead More

Attribution Theory

Self confidence is essential if a performer is to achieve at the highest level of their capacity. The growth of a positive attitude will enable the achievement of the self fulfilling prophecy. Self motivation We are motivated to compete in sport by a number of factors. These factors include aRead More