Rites of Passage
Rites of Passage Although there are many different types of rites of passage they differ in many ways, some much more extreme than the others. There are so many different cultures that have a ton of different ways of expressing rites of passage. The three different cultures that will be discussed are the United States of America, Malaysian, and Balinese adolescents. Some of the things that will be discussed are the different forms of rites of passage, the different ages that they take place at, and how they affect all the different societies.
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The best definition oaf rite of passage is a ritual vent that marks a person’s transition from one status to another. This can be in many different forms, some being a lot more extreme than the others. In the United States rites of passage seem to be a lot less extreme than in other cultures. When most people think of a rite of passage around here it’s usually a Sweet Sixteen party, a marriage, or a funeral. Although those are the main ones there are still some that are very common but a lot less known as a rite of passage.
If you were ever in any sports growing up I’m sure that you’ve at least heard of hazing if not actually been a part of it or seen it happening. Hazing is type of Rite of Passage when you’re new Tao team that happens in all levels of athletics from little leagues all the way up to the professional level. It is usually the veteran players making the younger players do certain things to embarrass them or Just doing stuff for the older player in general. It is Just supposed to be so you know that the younger player is good enough to be on the team and Just to have a little fun with them.
Although it is meant to Just be a little Joke and supposed to be all about fun there have been numerous times that people have gone way too far. Hazing is also extremely common in fraternities as ell. Just recently there was a case that happened at Northern Illinois University which is only about forty minutes from where I live in which a hazing activity resulted in the death oaf nineteen year old pledge. Although it is all meant to be fun and games sometimes they are taken too far and really need to be thought out better so that crazy things like that do not happen any longer. Chicago tribune) The more normal rites of passage that occur in the United States are much less extreme such as Sweet Sixteen parties, marriages, and funerals. They all have a very different meaning at each point in someone’s life. Sweet Sixteen parties usually symbolize somebody becoming an adult although most of the time nowadays people really aren’t considered an adult until they’re at least 18 and in most cases even older than together and start a family and hopefully have great lives together.
Then there is a funeral which is a much less enjoyed time in everyone’s lives when you put a loved one to rest. For a lot of people their loved ones will go to Heaven but that changes with every individual on what they believe in if they even believe in an afterlife at all. There are quite a few important rites of passage in the Malay society starting with he birth of the baby. After the birth the baby and the mother are put in a confinement period of forty four days in their homes.
There are also two other common ceremonies that they practice during the infant years nick Bunyan, which is a ceremony to introduce the baby to their cradle and photon Jamb which is an event when the child’s head is shaven to cleanse the baby. Later in life they have the circumcision ceremony which is usually done when the boy is around seven to twelve years of age. It is usually performed with a knife on a banana tree by what is called a medium, which is somebody who is trained in performing circumcisions. The event is an elaborate one with many people invited to the occasion.
Girl circumcisions are a private event that is done when she is an infant. As in many cultures marriage is probably the biggest event in the Malaysian culture. The bride and groom must give full consent when Joining in marriage although close families still do arrange marriages. The wedding usually lasts two days with the first day everyone going to the bride’s house and then everyone going to the grooms house the second day. Parents scatter leaves and flower pedals on the bride and grooms palms during the persuading ceremony which signifies their blessings.
As in most cultures death is a very sad time in the Malaysian society. After death the deceased is presented in the middle of the living room for all of the loved ones to offer their last respects. They are then carried to the graveyard to be buried. The mourning period lasts for one hundred days with the only special prayers held on the first three days, the seventh day, the fortieth day, and the hundredth day. (www. Vermiculite. Com) In the Balinese culture there can be as many as thirteen life cycle rituals performed depending on the family social status.
Some of the events that can occur are the sixth month of regency, birth, the falling off of the umbilical cord, the twelfth, forty second, and one hundred and fiftieth day after the birth, the two hundred and tenth day after birth which marks the first day of the child’s first touching of the earth, when the first adult tooth comes in, when the last baby tooth falls out, the onset of puberty, tooth filing, marriage, and purification for study. Tooth filing is performed on teenagers when they are thought to be ready to become adults.
They think that the fang-like upper canine teeth represent the child’s animal nature so they file those teeth down. The next rite of passage is marriage which is typically done in about three stages. The first being a ceremony where the family of the boy asks the family of the girl for her hand in marriage, the second being the wedding ceremony itself, and the third being a visit by the couple and the groom’s family to the bride’s family asking permission to leave. Although cremation is performed after death in this culture it is often that they cannot afford the costs oaf proper ceremony.
In this case the family will take the body of the deceased to a temporary storage or burial spot until the family can come up with the necessary funds. In some cases it will take months for the family to save up enough money for the proper ceremony. Once the family saves The tower is rotated at each crossroads so that the decease’s spirit cannot find its way back home to haunt the living. (Vermiculite. Com) The people of Mexico also have a few unique rites of passage as well. They start out by as a lot of other cultures with the baptism of their infants.
Later in life a suitor must court his future in-laws as well as his bride to be. It is very common for Mexican couples to get married very young. Although more than seventy percent of couples are married in church only evil marriages are legally valid. Because they aren’t legally married many poor couples are forced to Just live together without the benefit of an actual marriage or marriage license. One thing that is very different from America is that the dead are not usually embalmed at all.
The deceased is buried approximately twenty-four hours after the death occurs. Friends and family usually bring food, drinks, and others gifts to the wake for the bereaved. (Vermiculite. Com) Every culture is going to be different and that also means that their rites of passage will also be at least a little bit different for the most part. Sometimes the rite of passage is Just supposed to be fun and games like in sports or even fraternities and then some are much more important and meaningful like pregnancy, birth, marriage and funerals.