Home ยป Review of Related Literature

Review of Related Literature

The researchers had found the following studies and literature as relevant to the system being proposed. Foreign Studies College classes are different from high school classes; that goes without saying. However, how exactly the two types of class differ seems to be a topic on which nobody can quite manage to agree. One high school teacher will swear that college is nothing but piles and piles of reading and memorization, while another might say that you can expect to primarily work on critical thinking and writing.

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The truth is everyone’s experience in college is different. Despite the differences, there are some things you can do to choose classes wisely and succeed in your college classes. When you’re choosing college classes, you may be disappointed to learn that many of your choices are dictated by your school or your department. Most colleges and universities have general education requirements that students will need to fulfill in order to graduate.

Every college major will also have requirements for students, whether they’re merely taking a certain number of credits in certain subject areas, or whether a specific schedule of classes has been proscribed for students. Whatever the case may be, many of your college classes will be required classes in at least some sense. This doesn’t mean these classes will necessarily be torturous to complete. If you’ve chosen your major and your college wisely, completing requirements can be an entertaining and edifying experience.

There will always be a few classes you dislike or even dread taking, though. Luckily, choosing classes wisely can help you get through these requirements. If you can choose between several classes to fulfill requirements for your degree, it pays to do the research to see what options are available. Especially where humanities classes are concerned, truly interesting topics abound. If a class on Shakespeare and a class on comic books fulfill the same English requirement, the latter may very well be more enjoyable and may capture your attention in a way that translates to higher grades.

Even if you’re severely restricted in the titles of the courses you need to take, your choice of professor could make the difference between a great semester and a terrible one. Research professors who teach the classes you want to or need to take and see who has gotten good reviews, as well as whose teaching style is likely to complement your earning style. If you’re choosing classes within your major or minor, taking classes from a professor whose academic interests align with yours may also be a good idea.

When choosing and completing college classes, be sure you have reasonable expectations of yourself, your professors and your school. Most students do not have superpowers like being able to successfully complete an entire year’s worth of schoolwork in one semester, so it’s wise not to attempt too many courses or too many difficult courses at once. Push yourself and be sure you’re successfully completing enough classes to graduate according to the timeline you’ve established for yourself, but don’t strain yourself and hurt your grades by taking on too much work at once. College classes are concerned.

Give yourself enough time to get to each class in a timely manner, and also give yourself enough time to actually wake up in the morning before you need to be anywhere other than your bed. Being chronically absent or late isn’t acceptable in high school, and it’s not a good idea in college, either. Ask Yourself These Questions When weighing your course selection for the upcoming year, here are a few things to insider: Am I taking a well-balanced academic program that will provide me with a good foundation for college? Am I prepared to take college-level math, writing, and science courses?

Do I feel challenged by the courses that I am taking? Are my courses among the more rigorous ones available to me at my school? Am I seeking challenge or avoiding it? Overall, is my four-year high school program among the most challenging programs available at my school? It is wise to first consult your teachers and high school counselor on what courses are most appropriate for you at your high school. You will bootless have to make some difficult decisions about which courses to take and how to balance your schoolwork and your extracurricular pursuits.

Spain for more than 300 years, and educated by the Americans, the decision to pick a particular language of instruction has been very controversial. The languages used for instruction have switched from Spanish to Toga, to English to the local vernacular, including some Chinese languages, and Arabic, which is used in the southern part of the country. According to an official publication of the U. S. Library of of Filipinos understood English. During the last four decades of the twentieth century, education in all levels had vastly improved.

In the compulsory elementary level, from 1965-1966, there were a total of 5. Million students enrolled, 4. 5 percent of which were in private institutions. In 1987-1988 these numbers grew to 9. 6 million enrolled, 6. 6 percent of which were in private schools. By school year 1999-2000, 12. 6 million were enrolled with 7. 1 percent in the private sector. This level is for grades 1 through 6�ages 7 to 12. The various Philippine grade levels are referred to with cardinal numbers (one, two, three) rather than ordinal numbers (first, second, third).

Secondary education is taught for 4 years from ages 13 to 16. Primary and secondary schools are taught from Monday to Friday, starting at 7:30 A. M. The school day begins with a flag raising, national anthem, and pledge of allegiance. Students usually have an hour for lunch. School cafeterias are mostly non-existent and those that exist are largely inadequate. Students either go home for lunch or pack their lunch. Some parents, usually mothers, come to school to bring warm lunch for their children. Classes resume for the afternoon, until about 4:30 to 5:00 p. . In some areas, due to lack of facilities, certain schools are forced to have double shifts, minimizing the hours children spend in school. Access has been a problem for certain sectors of the population and DECK has made this the number one priority. In the secondary level for 1965-1966, approximately 1. 17 million students were enrolled with 62. 3 percent in the private sector. In 1987-1988, there was a total of 3. 49 million students enrolled, 40. 8 percent of whom were in private schools. By 1999-2000 there was an overall total of 5. Million students, with 24 percent in private schools. Higher education in the Philippines is strongly in the private sector. Most bachelor degrees are for four years. Students are usually from 17 to 20 years old. In 1985, the private sector of higher education was close to 80 percent of the student population. Of these institutions one-third are considered non-profit, while two-thirds function for monetary gain. This has lead to the reputation of certain schools as “diploma mills” and to the more serious problem of producing unqualified, unemployed, and underemployed graduates.

During the sass, there was a wide discrepancy in the literacy rates of the various regions of the country. The capital region of Metro Manila had a 95 percent literacy rate; the Central Luzon area had a 90 percent literacy rate while the Western portion of Mindanao had a 65 percent rate. Three principal indigenous languages in the Manila area are Cuban in the Visas, Toga and Oilcans in the northern portion of Luzon. In 1939 Philippine (which is based on the Toga language) was made the national language. Philippine later evolved to Filipino which is based on the languages used in the Philippines.

English still remains the most important non- indigenous language used by media, higher education, private, primary and secondary schools, government administration, and business. Only a handful of families have maintained speaking in Spanish. The multiplicity of languages used in he Philippines has not affected its literacy rate of 94. 6 percent, one of the highest in East Asia and the Pacific region. Technology use is starting to gain momentum in the overall education of the Philippines. In 1999, there were 93 Internet Service Providers (ISP) in the country.

By the beginning of 2001 , the participation of nongovernmental organizations and the private sector in education was evident with the donation of schools of 16 regions. The program, called One Thousand PC’s, has four major components, namely: curriculum development with the creation of a one year course n computer education as a specialization in entrepreneurship; teacher training for recipient schools; courseware development through the creation of Information Technology materials; and the purchase of hardware from the private sector through the Adopt-A-School Program.

The Department of Trade and Industry chaired this project. Curricular development is under the Jurisdiction of the DECK. Authority slowly trickled down to the municipal/local levels as the system shifted to decentralized decision-making and empower local schools. Despite these efforts, much of the important decisions, such as the purchase of all public school textbooks, is one by DECK. Important curricular changes needed to respond to emerging student needs are limited due to budgetary constraints.

To alleviate this strain, certain schools hold double sessions (one in the morning and another in the afternoon) in elementary schools. Some high schools even have triple sessions due to space and resource problems. As for gender distribution in the elementary level, male and female students are almost equally represented, while there are more females students at the secondary and higher education level. In rural areas, men are expected to do work while women are allowed to pursue education. Males have a higher rate of failure, dropout, and repetition in both elementary and secondary levels.


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