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Mgt- 340 Organizational Theory and Behavior

The forces that are reshaping the nature of management and impacting organizational culture

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Organizational change refers to any transformation or alteration occurring in the entire work environment. Today the nature of management is taking different shape due to some external and internal forces which end up impacting the organizational culture. These forces are:

a) Globalization

In a worldwide economy that is described by more prominent and more exceptional rivalry, organizations work is mainly affected by unique financial relationships and cooperation, which in turn results in management changes and the entire organizational culture. There is the inverse drive of dissimilarity at work where organizations need to adjust corporate and business systems, advertising arrangements, and creation endeavors to local neighborhood markets. 

Globalization is affecting how organizations contend with each other. In a merger with evolving demographics, globalization is creating a fast increment in differing qualities in organizations. Individuals are now required to cooperate with partners and clients from such a variety of various societies and countries. More managers take up worldwide work assignments in enterprises everywhere. They have to figure out how to function with individuals who think and convey diversely as well as do things differently. Top managers are also needed to build up their social insight to oversee more prominent diversity in associations (Ban, 2013). The adoption of innovation such as computers and flexible manufacturing operations has a significant effect on the associations that embrace them. The substitution of computer control for direct supervision is bringing about more extensive ranges of control for managers and compliment associations. Technology has further reshaped employment and recruitment criteria. Managers are also forced to expand their interest in preparing and training of the employees since their aptitudes are getting to be out of date even more rapidly. 

b) Political Forces 

The political environment inside and outside the nation is importantly affecting businesses particularly in areas of the managerial decisions and styles adopted by companies (Ban, 2013). The impedance of the government in businesses continues to expand enormously in most parts of the world. The corporate division is directed by many laws and controls and since the associations do not have any control over the politics and legitimate powers, they only have to adjust to meet the weight of these strengths. 

c) Social Changes 

 Social and cultural environment additionally propose a few changes that the businesses need to modify. There is a considerable measure of social changes because of the spread of training, learning, and many government endeavors. Social balance, e.g., equal opportunities for women , equal pay for equivalent work, has postured new difficulties for the management. The managers need to take after certain social standards in molding its business, promoting and a different approach (Van Maanen, 2012).  

2. The variables that influence individual behavior, performance, and motivation, including reward systems

i. Leadership  style 

Leadership style is a key factor in deciding how individuals feel about the organization and their level of motivation within the organization. In some cases, having a new leader changes the entire atmosphere of the organization as well as the performance of individuals in the organization. 

ii. Organizational climate

The organizational climate is purposely made and kept up by the administration. It largely comprises of the way that individuals treat each other. With great organizational climate, employees contend energetically to be promoted and turn out to be more productive, and innovative at individual levels. (Van Maanen, 2012).

iii. The structure of the work 

Some tasks are innately motivational and require innovativeness, creative ability, and large amounts of vitality. Work that includes conveying, arranging, and collaborating with other individuals requires one to keep in mind the end goal is to pick up their participation to take care of business. The primary cause of having that mentality is to enable the organization to rapidly and effectively draw out the best energies of the employees. In any case, a large measure of work must be institutionalized, reutilized, and made exciting keeping in mind the result aims at attaining a giving level of productivity. It is difficult to motivate factory workers who chip away at a creation line throughout the day and whose exercises are painstakingly observed and managed to guarantee most extreme levels of productivity. Good associations are continually attempting to structure the work to coordinate the nature of the work with the nature of the worker and to make the work as fascinating and agreeable as could be allowed. 

iv. The Reward systems 

Each association is described by a particular kind of reward structure, regularly varying from individual to individual and from divisions to departments. It is very basic for organizations to recognize their most profitable products and services, and after that expand the rate of commission that business people will get for offering those particular products and services while keeping up lower commissions for less productive things. Sales representatives and managers, therefore, react rapidly to expanded or diminished monetary prizes for particular practices or for accomplishing specific objectives (Van Maanen, 2012). The organization also motivates its employees by having a transparent promotion scheme where all employees will devote themselves to achieve higher ranks from their efforts.  

The complexities of organizational structure and design of jobs within that structure

They are numerous determinants of organization structures.  The design of organizations depends on at least three primary factors, which are the size of the organization, the business environment and the advancement in technology. The complexity level relies on the quantity of interconnections and their consequences for businesses. As business develop, the magnitude of interconnections develops proportionally. An expansive multinational is an exceedingly complex association since it might have many item offerings and a large number of workers, financial specialists, clients and providers among other professionals.

The size of the organization is the most influential predictor of formalization and specialization. In vast organization division of labor and specialization is inevitable leading to increasing in organization subunits.  Presences of these subunits demand higher levels of coordination and eventually more formalization. Large organizations face difficulties in centralized control and opt for decentralized management which needs larger administrative components. 

Environment impact business structures in a vast way. Firms operating in the dynamic industry have a completely different structure as compared to those in a more stable business environment. Actually, firms in the dynamic industry require wider control capability, fewer formalities and less centralization as compared to the stable industries. The level of technology also impacts how employees interact with their employers. Where technology is embraced organizations are benefiting from simplified structures with minimal supervision. 

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