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Learning through Music

Chapter 4

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Prototype

4.1 Introduction

In this chapter, the researcher will discuss the making of the music. The music was copied in a digital versatile disc (DVD). During the study, the researcher has to distribute six DVDs as the students will seat in groups throughout the teaching and learning process. The teaching aid constituted four parts. The first category is the setting, the second category is the characters, the third category is the plot summary, and the fourth part is comprised of all the exercises which can combine what the students had learned before.

Using Music to Teach

4.1.1 Setting

The type of music played will be a narrative music. There are four settings in the narrative music. The researcher distributes two B3 manila cards. The students have to write the settings (narrative music) down because they will also watch the concept of the story by being demonstrated in the visual music. There are three descriptions in each setting. After they had completed, the teacher will confirm whether the students have given the correct match.

4.1.2 Characters

The characters are just the same as the settings. There narrative music is comprised of six characters. Each character will have four descriptions. The method of using visual music is the same as articulated in the setting part.

4.1.3 Plot Summary

For the summary part, the same narrative music is watched by all the students. The students just have to watch and write down what the narrative in the sequence portrayed in the narrative music.

4.1.4. Reinforcement Exercises

In the last part, there are three exercises given. The first one is to narrate the story as stipulated in the music. The second one is True and False statement. The last one is the objective questions.

 Teaching with Music in the Classroom

Chapter 5

Data analysis

5.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on data collected by the researcher. The data acquired is then analyzed to decide whether the hypothesis made is declined or acknowledged and the range to which the research had reached its objectives well.

5.2 Demographic Analysis

This study is carried out in a secondary school in Selangor region- S.M.K Jugra. Participants of this research study were form four students. The participants are then separated into two clusters: the control cluster and the experimental cluster. The control and experimental clusters comprise of 30 students each.

Gender 4S (Control Group) 4T (Experimental Group) Total Number of Participants

Number of PartcipantsPercentage

(%) Number of Students Percentage

(%)

Male 18 60 13 43 31

Female 12 40 17 57 29

Total 30 100 30 100 60

Table 5.1 Background of the Participants

As shown in the table above, there were two classes which participated in this research: 4S and 4T. 4S is the control cluster while 4T is the experimental cluster. In the control cluster, there are 17 male students (57%) and 13 female students (43%). In the experimental cluster, there were 14 male participants (47%) and 16 female participants (53%). In total there were 31 male participants and 29 female participants in this study. The bar graph below will indicate the number of participants based on the group and gender.

The y-axis represents the number of participants.

Modern Method of Teaching English

Group

This research took two weeks. There are five lessons each week. Each lesson took 35 minutes. Attendance of every lesson is perceived as a means of examining and determining the effect of conciseness towards the result of the study. The results attained by the control and experimental clusters in the prior-test and after-test were compiled and converted into grade A, B, C, D, and E. After that, the results would be differentiated to confirm whether there are any comparisons in the results between the control and experimental cluster.

5.3 Presentation of Results

In this research, scores were graded into: A, B, C, D, and E. Grade A, B, C, and D are regarded as pass while grade E is regarded as failed. The rating scale below will indicate the marks and grades for the pre-test and post-test.

Marks Grade

76-100 A

61-75 B

51-60 C

46-50 D

0-45 E

Figure 5.2: Marking scale for both the Prior-test and After-test

5.3.1 Prior-test and After-test scores for control cluster

No. Respondents Prior-Test After-Test

MarksGradeMarksGrade

1. Control 1 49 D 61 B

2. Control 2 38 E 51 C

3. Control 3 58 C 72 B

4. Control 4 51 C 64 B

5. Control 5 56 C 69 B

6. Control 6 28 E 51 C

7. Control 7 40 E 60 C

8. Control 8 34 E 53 C

9. Control 9 50 D 75 B

10. Control 10 50 D 70 B

11. Control 11 48 D 62 B

12. Control 12 59 C 75 B

13. Control 13 56 C 72 B

14. Control 14 45 E 52 C

15. Control 15 57 B 64 B

16. Control 16 67 B 75 B

17. Control 17 32 E 52 C

18. Control 18 48 D 61 B

19. Control 19 59 C 72 B

20. Control 20 59 C 75 B

21. Control 21 45 E 61 B

22. Control 22 63 B 75 B

23. Control 23 61 B 74 B

24. Control 24 51 C 66 B

25. Control 25 45 E 61 B

26. Control 26 39 E 61 B

27. Control 27 45 E 60 C

28. Control 28 48 D 64 B

29. Control 29 55 C 70 B

30. Control 30 75 B 88 A

Figure 5.3: Scores in prior-test and after-test for control group.

In accordance to the above table, 30 students participated in the prior-test and after-test. The lowest score is 28% in the prior-test for the control group. The lowest score is 51% in the after-test of the control cluster. The highest mark is 75% in the in the prior-test of the control cluster while the highest score in the after-test of the control cluster is 88%.

5.3.2 Prior-test and After-test results for the Experimental Cluster

The table below will indicate the marks and grade attained by each student in the experimental group. They are marks and grades obtained from the pre-test and post-tests study. Lowest marks and the highest marks will be analyzed. It will show evidence of the hypothesis highlighted in this paper.

No. Respondents Pre-Test Post-test

MarksGradeMarksGrade

1. Experimental 1 72 B 89 A

2. Experimental 2 50 D 77 A

3. Experimental 3 61 B 79 A

4. Experimental 4 75 B 91 A

5. Experimental 5 59 C 74 B

6. Experimental 6 41 E 60 C

7. Experimental 7 52 C 70 B

8. Experimental 8 49 D 69 B

9. Experimental 9 50 D 62 B

10. Experimental 10 60 C 81 A

11. Experimental 11 41 E 62 B

12. Experimental 12 59 C 72 B

13. Experimental 13 48 D 66 B

14. Experimental 14 51 C 64 B

15. Experimental 15 60 C 78 A

16. Experimental 16 59 C 75 B

17. Experimental 17 53 C 78 A

18. Experimental 18 60 C 75 B

19. Experimental 19 46 D 69 B

20. Experimental 20 59 C 74 B

21. Experimental 21 46 D 61 B

22. Experimental 22 49 D 64 B

23. Experimental 23 60 C 74 B

24. Experimental 24 49 D 61 B

25. Experimental 25 46 D 65 B

26. Experimental 26 60 C 81 A

27. Experimental 27 59 C 73 B

28. Experimental 28 50 D 75 B

29. Experimental 29 54 C 69 B

30. Experimental 30 49 D 60 C

Figure 5.4: Prior-test and after-test scores for the experimental Cluster.

In accordance to the table above, 30 students participated in both the prior-test and after-test. The lowest mark is 41% in the in the prior-test of the experimental cluster. Lowest mark is 58% in the post-test of experimental group. The highest mark is 75% in the prior-test of the experimental cluster. The highest mark is 91% in the after-test of the experimental cluster.

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