How Hawaii Became a State
Hawaii Officially Becoming a State Nakesha Gatson Hawaii Officially Becoming a State Hawaii, better known as the Aloha state, went through 40 years of trying to become the 50th state in the United States. From 1919 to 1959, there has been five bills introduced for Hawaii to become a state, unfortunately all bills were rejected. About 95% of the residents living in Hawaii voted that it became a state in the United States.
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Hawaii attained statehood when both houses of Congress passed the Hawaii Admission Act on March 12th, 1959, which President Eisenhower signed into law five days later, officially making Hawaii the 50th state in the United States on August 21st, 1959. Hawaii has the world’s most active volcano, the crater of Kilauea on Mauna Loa. Sandy beaches, towering volcanoes, and lush valleys lure thousands of tourists each year to this tropical paradise.
Hawaii is the most ethnically and racially diverse state of any state in the union, a mix that includes Caucasians, Americans of Japanese descent, and Polynesians, among others. Native Hawaiians have held on to many of their customs and traditions despite the influx of non-natives over the years. Hawaii is the only state that has an official native language. The first European to land on Hawaii was Capt. James cook, on Jan. 20th, 1778. He was hailed and praised as a God by the natives, but he did over stay his welcome.
When the islands were first found they were run by a monarchy and once the news of the islands being discovered and of the rich resources it held spread, all of the “major world powers were interested, sending envoys and missionaries to the monarchy which controlled the islands” (Carver, n. d. ). An interesting fact is that Hawaii was the only state in the union to have had a monarchy. Hawaii grew strong for 40 years and according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Movements for statehood, based in part on Hawaii’s obligation to pay U. S. taxes without having corresponding legislative representation, began to emerge.
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, on Dec. 7, 1941, brought not only Hawaii but the United States as a whole into World War II, and the islands were beset by an upsurge of military activity and a sometimes controversial curtailment of civil liberties. ”(Hawaii, 2010). According to the article, A Timeline to Statehood, “President Eisenhower makes Hawaii Statehood official by signing the proclamation that welcomes Hawaii as the 50th state of the union. It wasn’t until 1900 that Hawaii became a U. S. Territory, under the administration of President William McKinley (Swenson, P.
M. , Motteler, L. S. , & Heckathorn, J. , 2010). Hawaii took a long time to become the 50th state in our country. They helped out so much in World War II. They helped defend this country, and for their patriotism, they became the 50th star on our flag. After the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 it would be 18 years later that Congress would introduce the Hawaii Admission Act which would be approved by the senate and the president and would go on to be voted on by the residents of Hawaii so in August of 1959, Hawaii would become the 50’th state in the United States Of America.
References Britannica Online. (n. d. ). Establishment of U. S. dominance. In Hawaii. Retrieved from http://original. search. eb. com/eb/article-79296 Carver, N. (n. d. ). How Hawaii Became A State. Retrieved from http://www. helium. com/items/1189313-events-leading-to-the-statehood-of-hawaii (Hawaii, 2010) Swenson, P. M. , Motteler, L. S. , & Heckathorn, J. (2010).