From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article contains special characters. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. Greek alphabet Type Alphabet Spoken languages Greek, with many modifications covering many languages Time period ~800 BC to the present Parent systems Proto-Sinaitic alphabet Phoenician alphabet Greek alphabet Child systems Gothic Glagolitic Cyrillic Coptic Armenian alphabet Old Italic alphabet Latin alphabet
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Unicode range U+0370–U+03FF Greek and Coptic, U+1F00–U+1FFF Greek Extended ISO 15924 Grek Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols. Greek alphabet ?? Alpha ?? Nu ?? Beta ?? Xi ?? Gamma ?? Omicron ?? Delta ?? Pi ?? Epsilon ?? Rho ?? Zeta ??? Sigma ?? Eta ?? Tau ?? Theta ?? Upsilon ?? Iota ?? Phi ?? Kappa ?? Chi ?? Lambda ?? Psi ?? Mu ?? Omega Other characters Digamma Stigma Heta San Qoppa Sampi Greek diacritics Greek Alphabet. (Listen to the Greek alphabet) ——————————————————————————–
Problems listening to this file? See media help. Dipylon inscription, one of the oldest known samples of the use of the Greek alphabet, ca. 740 BCThe Greek alphabet is a set of twenty-four letters that has been used to write the Greek language since the 8th century BC.  It is still in use today. It is the first and oldest alphabet in the narrow sense that it notes each vowel and consonant with a separate symbol.  The letters were also used to represent Greek numerals, beginning in the 2nd century BC.
The Greek alphabet is descended from the Phoenician alphabet, and is not related to Linear B or the Cypriot syllabary, earlier writing systems for Greek. It has given rise to many other alphabets used in Europe and the Middle East, including the Latin alphabet.  In addition to being used for writing Ancient and Modern Greek, its letters are today used as symbols in mathematics and science, as particle names in physics, as components of star names, in the names of fraternities and sororities, in the naming of supernumerary tropical cyclones, and for other purposes.