Effects of One Child Policy
Effects of the One-Child Policy China is the most populated country in the world with a total of 1. 4 billion people, and the population is still growing. (WDI) Overpopulation is a current issue that many countries are dealing with and hope to gain control over. In China the previous leader Mao believed that a strong nation had a large population, but China has doubled its population since then. Now the country is being prevented from advancing due to the effects of a large population. The effects of human overpopulation are global warming, deforestation, depletion of natural resources, starvation, and unhygienic living conditions.
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Without change, the effects of overpopulation will hinder the growth of the nation. The One-Child Policy was created to control the overpopulation dilemma. It refers to the limitation that restricts urban families into only having one child. There are exceptions to this rule such as rural couples and ethnic minorities. Couples can be fined thousands of dollars for having a supernumerary child without any permit, yet those who wait to have children or only have one are rewarded with special benefits.
Campaign ads promote the policy; the ads show happy couples with one child and usually have a pro population reduction undertone, “Up agricultural production, down population increase, “(Nova). This quote is trying to inform the public that living conditions will improve if everyone cuts down on having children. The policy is also promoted through radio, television ads, and print media. The One-Child Policy has slowed down the rapid population growth in China but has produced some undesirable effects that will only get worse. The Chinese traditional culture has a long tradition of son preference.
The reasoning is that they financially support the family, the brides become primarily part of the groom’s family, and sons are also more helpful working the farm. The practice of female infanticide was a common practice before 1949, but this practice declined when abortion and ultrasound tests were easier to come by. In 1994, the Chinese banned prenatal sex screening, in hopes of eliminating abortions “and though the pre-birth sex determination has been outlawed in China, it is hard to explain the sex ratio distortion of such scale without assuming that “son-desperate” couples have access to illegal medical services. (Krock) With there being so many families desperate for a son there is still a significant gap between the genders. The birth rate for China is 119 males born for every 100 females. “Recent Survey showed that in the group of Chinese under 20 years old there are 32 millions more males than females” (Chen) The gap has left many men unable to find a wife. Forced marriages, trafficking, and kidnapping have increased due to the widening gap between the genders. Women and children in China and surrounding countries are bought, sold and traded like merchandise.
Many are sold as “brides”, kept in confinement, or sexually assaulted. “The public security ministry says that between 2,000 and 3,000 children and young women are kidnapped every year, but the state-controlled newspapers have put the figure as high as 20,000. Only a handful of cases are solved. Criminal gangs in China have found that woman trafficking is a lucrative business. An example of this is, “North Korean women in their 40s are sold for 3,000 yuan [U. S. $ 457], those in their 30s for 5,000 yuan [U. S. $ 761], and those in their 20s for about 7,000 yuan [U.
S. $1,066],” (RFA) The Chinese government needs to recognize the detriment it has made to the safety of women in their country. “The public security ministry says that between 2,000 and 3,000 children and young women are kidnapped every year, but the state-controlled newspapers have put the figure as high as 20,000. Only a handful of cases are solved. ” As the gap between the genders widen the criminal activity will only continue to increase. Increasing life expectancy and decreasing births will have a huge impact on the elderly population over sixty years-old. This age population will quadruple to 430 million by the year 2040, making it very difficult to uphold care to for them,” (). The amount of people in the work force will have significantly reduced, making it more difficult for the families and government to take care of the older generation. One issue is called “4:2:1 family structure”(People’s Daily Online) states that the married couple are responsible for a total of four parents, themselves, and one child. The couple is under a large amount of pressure and responsibility to support everyone.
The reason for this family structure is that both people in the married couple are only children and don’t have any siblings to help take care of their parents. The Chinese government needs to improve its social security for the country and they also need to promote private savings for today’s workforce. All in all, the One-Child Policy has its advantages and disadvantages but changes within the country need to happen to help with the effects. This policy has impacted every age group in China from babies to the elderly.
Some people believe that the imbalance will correct itself in future years due to the basic supply versus demand. Bride’s prices have leapt up leading people to believe that raising girls may be more profitable. But, the Chinese government needs to come up with solutions to eliminate these issues and can’t rely on it to run its course. Works Cited “A Brief History of China’s One-Child Policy – TIME. ” Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews – TIME. com. Web. 28 Apr. 2011. . Chen, Xuefeng. “THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF CHINA’S ONE-CHILD POLICY. Harvard Asia Pacific Review. Web. 28 Apr. 2011. . “Kidnappers Swoop on China’s Girls – Times Online. ” The Times | UK News, World News and Opinion. Web. 02 May 2011. . Krock, Lexi. “Population Campaigns. ” Nova. PBS. Web. 29 Apr. 2011. . Online, People’s Daily. “Young Chinese Couples Face Pressure from “4-2-1″ Family Structure – People’s Daily Online. ” People’s Daily Online – Home Page. Web. 24 Apr. 2011. . “Women Tricked, Trafficked into China. ” RFA Home. Radio Free Asia. Web. 22 Apr. 2011. . “World Development Indicators | Data. ” Data | The World Bank. Web. 15 May 2011. .