CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background and Rationale of the study In a very busy country like the Philippines, people always look forward to having the most convenient way of doing something. At some point, text messaging was born, and we have to admit that it is one of the most convenient ways to inform and be informed. A research conducted by Weeks (2008) entitled “The role of txt messaging” stated that text messaging has advanced at a rapid rate over the last decade where communication was limited at one point to hand written letters, phone calls and face- to-face contact.
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She also mentioned that teenagers have found different ways to keep in contact, and be informed. In relation to this, Plunkett (2008) stated that millions of cell phone owners are subscribing to mobile video, enabling them to watch news, entertainment and sport on color phone screen. In addition, Verclas (2003) cited that like other information and communication technologies, mobile phones and related software applications are new tools in the global effort to improve communication and to capture, access, and share information.
She also added that Mobile phones re an all-in-one media collection and broadcasting tool. On the other hand, most educators have been claiming that texting hinders children from learning the English language, and that it is degrading the students’ capability to write effectively. According to an unscientific poll conducted by Edutopia. org, 50% of the 1028 respondents felt texting is harming students’ writing and grammar. In the same poll, 20% thought that text messaging may have some impact on student’s writing but they do not think it is a major problem; 27% felt texting was not a negative influence.
According to Ha (2005), “texting is a vital tool for daily communication”. Dubbed as “the texting capital of the world”, the countrys 80 million people send 160 million text messages every day. In a country where computer and internet penetration remains low, text messaging is the equivalent of email and instant messaging (Snow, 2009) Smith (2001) defined text messaging or “texting” as the exchange of brief written messages between mobile phones over cellular networks.
Texting is cheaper and easy to get across a message, rather than through mailing or calling. Spending hours f texting is common in the youth of the present generation. Estuar (2003) stated that Filipino youth use cellular phones not only for communication purposes but also for maintaining their relationships with other people. Reid (2004) found that roughly half of the young people who used text messaging actually preferred texting their friends to talking to them, particularly the more anxious.
These findings include older teenagers and young adults, but among younger children texting is also widespread, with parents often giving their children mobile telephones to keep in touch with hem while giving them more freedom. Moreover, teenagers have previously lagged behind adults in their ownership of cell phones but several years of survey data collected by Pew Internet & American Life Project (2007) show that those ages 13-17 are closing tne gap In cell pnone ownersnlp. Nowadays, tnere nave Deen Issues concerning the youths’ excessive use of mobile phones.
Teens or teenagers are said to have been using the shorthand method of texting, which caused the deterioration of their spelling and grammar proficiency. In addition, Rosen (2009) showed in her tudy that writing skills of students who use the shorthand way of texting were worse than those who rarely send text messages in shorthand form. On the other hand, Laurilla (2009) found that there is no difference between the language proficiency of both cellular phone owners and non-owners. Aside from that, among cellular owners, there is no significant effect as to how frequent they use the shorthand method of texting.
On a larger scale, issues about the negative effects of the use of abbreviations are can still be heard. These topics are presently circulating everywhere. For instance, in the United Kingdom, a Scottish student passed an essay composition using the text messaging language. The student found text messaging language is more comfortable and easier to use than the Standard English; an article from British Daily Telegraph (2003) In the same manner, Stretcher (2010) stated that people have failed to see the advantages that could come from text messaging.
She also said that in the study of Winkzer (2009), 1 lth grade students who were reported to have texted more frequently than 8th grade students used the texting language less frequently than the latter. With regard to this, we all know that “English is our universal language” as stated by Oenkins, 2000) According to Gardner as cited in the Pew Research (2010) In a survey of nearly 2,300 citizens, the researchers found that 33% of cell phone owners now access news on their mobile phones, adding another platform to news acquisition, which includes TV, the Internet, newspapers, and radio.
Usually when people connect to the internet they will encounter sentences, phrases, paragraphs in English language because it can be understood by almost everybody being the universal language. In order to understand those, a person must be proficient in English language. According to Heusen (2002), English is the universal language on the internet. English is extremely unsuitable for international communication, and the actual wide use of English tends to polarize the world into internet user and internet illiterates.
Generally speaking, since ‘everyone” knows and uses English, people are almost forced to learn English and use it, and learn it better. In the light of these issues, the researchers felt that the exposure of the youth to shorthand words, age, gender & ocio economic status, person texted, frequency of usage of shorthand words and language used may have possibly influence their spelling and grammar skills. Since the youths’ exposure to the present technology, they have started sending messages often in wrong spelling and grammar.
This problem cropped up because of the people’s desire to know more about the advanced technology. The possible influences of texting on the spelling and grammar skills of the third year high school students of Parang High School has therefore, interested the researchers. statement 0T tne ProDlem This study aimed to identify the influence of text messaging on the spelling and grammar skills third year high school students of Parang High School. Specifically, the study sought to answer the following: 1 . What language do respondents use in texting? 2.
How do age, gender, socio economic status of respondents influence their spelling and grammar skills? 3. How do variables such as person texted, language used in texting, frequency of shorthand words in texting, influence the spelling and grammar skills of the respondents? 4. What is the profile of the respondents? Objectives The study had the following objectives: 1. To identify the language respondents often use in text messaging; 2. To find out if age, gender and socio economic status of respondents influence their grammar and spelling skills; 3.
To determine the influences of variables such as person texted, language used in texting and frequency of shorthand words in texting in the grammar and spelling skills of the respondents; 4. To know the profile of the respondents; Significance of the Study The results of this study will be useful to the students and to the broadcasting industry. This study can also be used as a reference for further studies conducted in the same field. Students Spelling and grammar skills are important indication if the students are proficient to communicate to others.
Being proficient in English is necessary to those who want to be broadcasters someday, because although Filipino language is usually used by the broadcasters, the graduates may not always be engaged in the local broadcast industry. The English language will open doors to them in foreign television stations. Broadcasting Industry Majority of the Broadcasters in the Philippines uses Filipino language in roadcasting. However, they have to be proficient in English to be globally competitive like those of the foreign broadcasters.
Scope and Delimitation The study focused on the effects of text messaging on the spelling and grammar skills third year high school students of Parang High School. This is not to imply that texting is the only factor that may influence the spelling and grammar skills of the students. However, tne study 010 not dwell on tne otner posslDle Tactors as well as the effect of text messaging due to time constraints. The study was also limited to he third year high school students of Parang High School only for convenience since two of the researchers are residing at Parang, Marikina.
Since no community is identical to another, the results of the study may not be a basis for generalization about the influence of texting on high school students in the country. However, the results of the study may be useful to further studies. The same reason, the study did not dwell on the effects of texting on the interpersonal relationships of the respondents. Likewise, the researchers would like to emphasize that there is no new knowledge for the broadcasting industry in the study.