Ch. 7 (PP. 249-263) The war of 1812 William Henry Harrison General of US army Thought to attack Lake Erie Captain Oliver Perry and the Battle of Lake Erie Constructed fleet of vessels for war Destroyed british squadron at Put-In-Bay and won Brits pulled back from Detroit Harrison defeated Brit and Indian force in Battle of Thames Treaty of Ghent Britain’s goal- peace in Europe, not any war demanded territorial concessions from IJS- but gave way because they never controlled Great Lakes/Champlain and Washington raid- not significant enough
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Treaty everything went back to normal for both countries (status quo ante bellum) US- didn’t gain/lose territory Nothing done about impressment or neutral rights had to fix US v Canada boundary lines Andrew Jackson and the Battle of New Orleans New Orleans Battle- most dramatic US victory AFTER the treaty- before word spread British Gen.
Pakenham attacked army under Andrew Jackson (brits too confident) Jackson’s troops destroyed british & inflicted much more causalities upon them Hartford (Federalist) Convention eries of resolutions summarizing New England’s grievances (‘aw main one) NE becoming minority state-southern republicans didn’t understand it’s com. intrst Proposed to amend constitution abolish 3/5’s clause require 2/3’s vote of congress to declare war & admit states into the Union limit president to one term prohibit election of two successive presidents from same state bar embargoes lasting more than 60 days Bad for federalists goal of Hart.
Conv. to assert states’ rights rather than disunion Feds thougth it was traitorous plot Stripped of primary grievance that fueled convention I ne Awakenlng 0T American Natlonallsm Era of Good Feelings Description of Monroe’s administrations 1814-1824 Reflected War’s elimination of divisive issues Monroe’s effort to avoid political issues Dartmouth v. Woodward Can New Hampshire transform a private college into a state university?
Constitution- forbade state to interfere w/contracts Marshall ruled Once a state had chartered a college/business, it surrendered both its power to alter charter or regulate the beneficiary McCulloch v. Maryland Could MD tax a national corporation (Balt. branch of second Nat. Bank)? Marshall ruled Constitution does not explicitly grant the power- but allows congress to lay and collect taxes, regulate, interstate commerce, war Marshall thought implied power to charter bank Loose and broad constitutional interpret. ny power of national gov, expressed or implied was supreme within it’s sphere M’s ruling- controversy placed bank beyond regulatory power of any state gov Republicans- DvW and MVM stripped state govs of power to impose will of their eople upon corporations Missouri Compromise agreed to admit maine as a free state to pave way for missouri’s admission as a slave state prohibited slavery in the remainder of Louisiana Purcharse territory north o/ southern boundary of Mississippi Prohibited missouri from discriminating against citizens of other states- left open the issue of whether free blacks = citizens John Quincy Adams Republican Monroe’s sec of state strengthened peace with Britain as one of the negotiators for Treaty of Ghent became minister o/ Russia Rush-Bagot Treaty Demilitarized the Great Lakes by severely restricting the number o/ ships Britain/US could maintain there Adam-Onis Treaty Spain ceded East Florida to US renounced claims to all West flor and agreed to border ( In soutn ) to split spanlsn ana amerlcan lanos u Monroe Doctrine ‘s Tlrst leglt clalm to western coast Unless American interests were involved, America was to abstain from European wars European powers cannot colonize America US would interpret any attempts of colonization of US as an unfriendly act