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Energy Conservation

Energy Conservation

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Sheron Sciara

SCI 275

July 04, 2010
Winston Erasme

Energy Conservation

We entered into the 21st century with a traumatic problem of energy conservation. Energy conservation has been with and stayed with us starting from the 20th century. However only until the crises of the late 1960s and 1970s did will start to encounter high costs of energy production and using up our natural resources. Our history of energy conservation details and shows how growth, technology, and policy moderate has been leading the high demand for energy. (Conservation Measures For Energy)
What avenues do we depend upon to saved energy What strategies do we use to conserve on our energy What plans do we incorporate to keep these plans on course What effects does energy conservation have on our environment and health These questions are what we need the answers too. We need to mitigate, strategize, and find plausible solutions to conserving our Nations energy and energy for our environment.
The blame for the energy debacle is placed on numerous heads such as the government,
society, the oil crises, the oil embargos, the wars, the greed of other nations, and a host of others.
The recession of the 70s presented tighter controls on fuel and energy consumption as to cut down on buying only ten gallons of gas, being thrifty on electricity, speed limits were lowered,
adjusting the traffic laws by allowing drivers to turn right on red lights. Adlai Stevenson once said ???Americans never seem to see the handwriting on the wall until their backs are up against it???. So was Mr. Stevenson putting the blame on Americans
Energy conservation is getting rid of or reducing energy??™s use and waste. Another meaning of energy conservation refers to efforts made to reduce energy consumption to preserve resources for the future and reduce environmental pollution. Also as we look at energy conservation, as what it means to various things to various people. Benjamin Franklin was concerned about deforestation in his state and remarked ???a penny saved is a penny earned??? he was making a stance for the conservation of fuel. So the book published by Benjamin Franklin in 1744 , Franklin said ???As therefore so much of the comfort and conveniency of our lives for a great part of the year depend on this article of fire; since fuel is become so expensive, and (as the country is more clear??™d and settle??™d) will of course grow scarcer and dearer; and new proposals for saving the wood, and for lessening the charge and augmenting the benefit of fire, by some particular method of making and managing it, may at least be thought worth consideration.???(Benjamin Franklin) The Franklin stove did improve vastly with the competence and productiveness of space heating. This was a long time ago, when others looked at consuming energy as a sign of economic progress and activity. Franklin went as far as to print
letterheads with a factory with tons of smoke coming out from the chimneys. This is what energy conservation meant to Benjamin Franklin.
In the 1960s people had so many worries about future energy until it started different
writers to prepare analytical briefs of different examples of energy conservation. Also the 1970s
sparked different thoughts and ranges of how important conservation had become. Even though they maintain different views of consumption the outcome was relatively high, but consistent.
The reasons the U.S. energy consumption was low is, because the economic growth was lower, and a big boost in the unforeseen role of conservation. These observations took place between
1985 and 2000.
The advantages are insurmountable for energy conservation in every situation. Especially the home environment, which uses energy in so many significant ways. There are pertinent examples of how energy varies from houses to houses and they are set in advance by the
the physical features of the houses. For example; size, type, and construction, and its heating and cooling systems, and major appliances. These physical features attributed to 54 percent of how
energy varies from homes and this was a study performed on samples of houses. According to
(Sonderegger,1978). Also non-physical features portray various samples in houses by large amounts with facsimile of physical features that may contribute to the consumption of energy,
by as much as 3:1 (Hackett and Lutzenhiser 1991; Lutzenhiser 1992, 1993; Schipper et al.
1989; Shove et al. 1998).
These are some household distinctions and characteristics that varies in the use of energy.
Some studies were taken in US state of California; households with incomes less than twenty five thousand per year use less electricity and gas than households whose income was above
one hundred thousand per year. Another study showed that households who have more than five
or better used 69 percent more electricity, and 51 percent more power than a single person household. The elderly living alone use 30 percent more gas and 88 percent more power than
younger people living solo. (Lutzenhiser et al. 2005). Each of these distinctions affect the use of
energy. Households who have a higher living standard use more energy, than elderly people. It is a fact that elderly people sometimes fear the prospect of their homes getting cold or warm, more than younger people. Culture and social distinctions of households have a large barring on
the consumption of energy (Schipper et al.1989; Lutzenhiser 1992, 1997). In the study above
middle age African Americans of single family couples that have children with incomes over
one hundred thousand use more electricity and gas then the same Asian family with the same
scenario (Lutzenhiser et al. 2005.
There are other strategies such as, getting our local utility companies involved,
having the utility companies manning up to the costs, and subsidizing energy programs. Some
examples are; having the utility companies purchase efficient household appliances for older houses, a trade in program on non energy appliances, and a rebate energy program for new
construction on houses that are built with green products. All these are strategies to keep people
on point with conserving energy. Another strategy would be to educate people, and businesses
on a national scale and strategies of using the private sector for our future energy conservation
and its groups of experts. Interjecting the private sector is a very smart strategy ,because they
have the resources and knowledge to do what is necessary. For example one private sector would be the automotive companies. The Ford Foundation did significant and possible situations in 1974 of ???zero energy growth??? which is the (ZEG). Our government agencies could be compelled to strategize with other nations to help with our conservation of energy. Also insisting that the governmental agencies work with local state officials on different scenarios of future
energy. Enlist some alternative energies to combat the battled with conservation of energy. We
could go back to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences to enlist the help of their committee
on alternatives solutions on energy.
Strategies in using technology to save on energy has always been in the works. The starting points were the 1970s and the 1980s. What happen Did our nation drop the ball Was
the energy plans not cost effective Did we maximize the potential for conserving energy Technology has entered the sector to conserve energy. There are technology companies that
offer strategies, solutions, and plans for our 21st century. Companies such as Energy Conservation Technologies (ECT). Their mission is to invent, advanced and cost reducing
techniques for products that will conserve energy. These type companies have different product
lines to reduce the cost of energy over 50 percent. According to Energy Conservation

Technologies, they can save and free up to twenty power plants with these techniques. We would
have to consider all aspects and plans of the private sector companies, and the government plans to help alleviate the problem with conserving our energy for our Nation and our environment. We need the help of our government industry to step in, because it is important and much needed to get them on our energy side. The private sector could be our main source for delivering and
implementing good and sound energy improvements. As the United States become more global
we need technologies that are energy efficient with less costs.
Another sound plan would be to explore external cost of energy policies. The
external costs of energy are the costs that are not shown in the market prices and it has large
differences between the energy social cost and the price that takes place because of the environment externalities (Encyclopedia of Energy). We can avoid these environmental externalities in energy production just by conservation of energy. Also we need close examination of the views of the policy choices. There are relatively five points of view to good
sound economic policy choices. These external cost energy policies views can be helpful and
useful for information of policies choices, but cannot prove any one choice or source that is better or best than another (Encyclopedia of Energy).
As we know energy conservation is here to stay and the United States is the largest
source for consumer energy use. This is in terms of total use of 100 quadrillion BTUs in 2005.
This just happens to be three times the energy the United States consume by 1950. (Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia)
The Energy Information Administration data reflects that per-capita energy consumption
has been reasonably uniformed from the 1970s until the present. According to President Barack
Obama development of renewable energy and energy efficiency marks ???a new era of energy
exploration??? in the United States (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia). The President just signed
a $2 billion dollar green energy bill for two solar plants. This is suppose to create a huge amount
of jobs. (Yahoo news.com)
We cannot undo what has already taken place, but we can create phenomenal plans and changes in a positive direction. We know we need to implement reduction in energy costs,
we know we need to strategize our plans, stay with a reliable solution to our energy problems, and reduce, reuse, and recycle. Since we know this, we are all held accountable for these energy
crises. Let us be proactive in banding together to challenge our federal government, our political
groups, private sector, and social groups to reach our goals for energy conservation for our great
country and our environment.

References
Conservation Measures for Energy, History of from Encyclopedia of Energy Retrieved from,
http://140.234.1.9:8080/EPSeesionID=d927d41b3228acad5cf9ac
4166fd18/EPHost=credo
Energy Conservation Action Plan/Green Communities USEPA, Retrieved from,
http://www.epa.gov/greenkit/q5_energ.htm
Energy Conservation Technologies, Inc ETC, Electronic ballasts Retrieved from,
http://www.econpower.com/
Energy in the United States-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Retrieved from,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_in_the_United States
Energy use in homes: what do we know From The Cambridge Handbook of Psycol??¦
Retrieved from, http://140.234.17.9:8080/EPSessionID=3dc2a94e433d8b3b17
e9ca282fe86/EPHost=credor
External Costs of Energy from Encyclopedia of Energy, Policy Choices, Retrieved from,
http://140.234.1.9:8080/EPSessionID=ec78955f4f4f4a58ad1be5c52a91fd0/
EPHost=credor
Yahoo News, Green Obama awards $2B for solar power, hails new jobs. Retrieved from,
http:// news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100703/ap_on_bi_ge/us_obama_jobs

Citations
Conservation Measures for Energy, History of . (2004). In Encyclopedia of Energy
Retrieved from
http://www.credoreference.com/entry/estenergy/conservation_measures_for_
energy_history_of
Energy use in homes: what do we know (2008). In The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behavior. Retrieved from,
http://www.credoreference.com/entry/cuppeb/15_2_energy_use_in_homes_what_
do_we_know
External Costs of Energy, (2004). Encyclopedia of Energy, Retrieved from,
http://www.credoreference.com/entry/estenergy/external_costs_of_energy

References
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