“To His Coy Mistress” is written in enjambment; this is when the end of the line is not punctuated but flows into the next examples of this are lines 3, 5, 6,7,21 etc. He uses enjambments because it helps to sub stain the argument because it is continuous. He also uses rhyming couplets for the pace and rhythm, this is done for built momentum- it builds the drive of the argument. He also uses definite rhyming couplets effectively to convey his inner feelings: “My vegetable love should grow it Vaster that empires and more slow”. This shows his love is expanding slowly and innocently over time for his ‘mistress’.
He uses irregular sentence lengths to create a slower pace of time. Marvell tries to create more time. The poet uses strong stressed words to make them more powerful e.g.: “Deserts of vast eternity.” This personifies his feeling we see how emotion can grow naturally into something that is immense and powerful. Marvell also expresses the admiration of time running out when he illustrates “Time…hurrying near”. It increases the feeling of anxiety because time is coming closer. In Marvel’s poem the sentences are very short in length and disjointed through the use of lots of punctuation. As a consequence, the poem seems very broken up and sharp which makes the reader read the poem at a much faster pace. In some ways this speed makes it more excitable which adds to the more lusty aspect of the poem.
The mood is at first reckless and jokey it then moves on to being more reflective, serious and considering death. The poem closes with an attitude which is persuasive, pleading, discriminating and eventually triumphant. The first stanza has a fairly regular rhythm but is duller. The more regular, dynamic rhythm of the closing stanza gives us a sense of the poet’s energetic state of mind. The last line is arresting in that it contains less syllables than those above it. There is an overall regular rhyme scheme of aabbccdd… apart from the half rhymes in the second stanza. The words ‘Eternity’ and ‘Virginity’ only half-rhyme. The effect of this is to link together in our mind these two ideas.
The following words have an impact; He says ‘And your quaint honour turn to dust, and into ashes all my lust’, he is recalling the funeral ceremony ‘ashes to ashes, dust to dust’. He does not assault these virtues, he says that whatever they mean to her now, they will mean nothing when she is forgotten. In “To His Coy Mistress” he uses alliteration; ‘long love’s’ and ‘private place’. He also uses assonance; ‘youthful hue’.
Unlike “To His Coy Mistress”,” The Unequal Fetters” differs enormously. “To His Coy Mistress” is a persuasive poem written to a female lover, whereas “The Unequal Fetters” is written as a warning to women. This poem gives a women’s view of love and marriage. Her views are completely different to the ones of “To His Coy Mistress” in the way that she believes that the fetters between men and women are unequal. Anne Finch has written her poem in four clear verses rather than 3 stanzas. Although both poems start off in the same attitude of romance.
In the first verse Anne Finch uses the image of the possibility of time standing still, she says “Could we stop the time that’s flying. Or recall it when ’tis past,” this means that if time stood still then it would be worth loving. This is the nearly the same image conveyed in the first stanza in “To His Coy Mistress” about playing the waiting game and if time went on forever, but both poets know that time is quickly disappearing.
Then Finch changes her attitude and goes on to say, ” But since we must lose those graces, which at first your hearts have won” what she is trying to say here is that the person has changed since you won their heart and true love, the attraction that was there in the first place has now disappeared. Even though he has now changed her attitude in the poem it is not as sickening as the attitude in the second stanza of “To His Coy Mistress”. The third verse makes it clear about her feelings of the inequality and shows her anger towards men by writing, “Free as Nature’s first intention was to make us, I’ll be found, Nor by subtle Man’s invention Yield to be in fetters bound”.
This means that when a female is born she is born free but then because of men fooling you into there sincere love and into marriage, women are trapped by men. The final verse of “The Unequal Fetters” she concludes that “Marriage does but slightly tie men Whilst close prisoners we remain”. She means that women are chained by marriage while men are free and can stretch “At the full length of all their chain.” “The Unequal Fetters” refers to the unequal lengths of chain men and women have.
Her poem shows how wrongly men treat women just as in “To His Coy Mistress”. Anne Finch writes her poem in a frank manner whereas Andrew Marvell writes in a sick, perverted and threatening manner. The writer of “To His Coy Mistress” seems to be quite a selfish writer on the other hand the writer of “The Unequal Fetters” writes an honest version of her own true feelings. “The Unequal Fetters” is written in caesura with every other line rhyming which contrasts to “To His Coy Mistress” which is written in enjambment.