World War II
The Korean War began as the product of the Cold War. This has been said to be the global political and diplomatic struggle between the Communist and Non-Communist systems right after the Second World War. In order to solve the problem, the first attempt by the two Koreas by military means was done. Moreover, in 1953, limited international war was halted with the truce agreement. Hence, they were not living peacefully and they view each other as the main security threat. Despite of the war, there was a failure to reunite the Countries.
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The ongoing division had deepened with its distinct culture as well as historical background (Suh, M. , 2000). South Korea was invaded in June, by the year of 1950, like the other areas for a dramatic American concentration on Asian affairs, particularly after the massive Chinese Communist military intervention to rescue the North Koreans. Like that of Germany which partitioned into four, zone of occupation, Korea was divided into half along the 38th parallel. There was initially informal partition as well as the relationship between the victors deteriorated.
The boundary was the military lines of demarcation. Later, two blocs emerged as NATO and Warsaw Pact as the Cold War begun. Mass killings were allegedly common to Japanese regime. Different war crimes were known to include rape, pillage, murder, cannibalism as well as forcing female civilians to become sex slaves. Moreover, these slaves are known as “comfort women” during our time. In addition to that, several of these crimes happened also in Korea which Japan occupied from 1910 to 1945.
At the end of the Cold War between East and West, the situation on the Korean Peninsula also began. Its aim was to improve and the two Koreas attempted to reduce tension through high-level peace talks. Now over 120 countries have diplomatic relations with both Koreas. According to history, Korea has been the site of acute showdowns between progressive and reactionary, as well as between socialism and capitalism and under such circumstances North Korea had put its primary effort into strengthening military forces.
It happened in 1945, KLA Unit prepared for the operations against Korea with the collaboration of the United States. Unfortunately, just before the departure of the said unit, the War has come to its end. The Japanese Emperor surrendered to the Allied Forces during the 15th day of August, 1945. The political conflicts resulted to separation of the peninsula unlike before that the Korean peninsula was occupied jointly by American and Soviet Forces. The Korean peninsula soon became two independent nations.
The French Indochina War which during 1946 to 1954 was a conflict which involved France that had ruled Vietnam as its colony (French Indochina), as well as the newly independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam under Ho Chi Min (“Indochina wars: 20th-century conflicts in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia,” 2007). In December 19, 1946, 30,000 Viet Minh under Giap had initiated the eight-year Indochina war with an attack on French troops at Haiphong. In 1954, the war had ended Vietnamese victory. During that time, Vietnam was divided into communist-dominated north and U. S. -supported south, then, war between the two broke.
Despite heavy U. S. involvement, North Vietnam won. In 1976, the country was reunited. During that period, Cambodia had experienced its own civil war between the communists and non-communists, and in 1975, which was won by communist Khmer Rouge. In 1979, Vietnamese invaded and installed a puppet government after several years of horrifying act of violence under the Pol Pot. Throughout 1980s, the fight between the Khmer Rouge and the Vietnamese continued and by 1989, Vietnam had withdrawn its troops. An interim government, in 1993, UN-mediated elections was established.
Moreover, monarchy of Cambodia was reestablished. On the other hand in Laos, the victory of Vietnam over the South Vietnam brought the communist Pathet Lao into complete control (“Indochina wars: 20th-century conflicts in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia,” 2007; Lee, R. , 2007). ” Then, leading to almost military conflicts, North Korea’s nuclear program emerged. Soon, the crisis was peacefully defused through the Geneva Framework Agreement. The Cold War between the two states persisted. It is believed that upcoming summit meeting between the two Koreas can be the step towards ending the conflict (Suh, M. , 2000).